Led by Indeed Hiring Lab, a team of global economists, the research finds that all U.S. jobs on Indeed – from truck driver to software engineer – have skills that can be done or augmented by GenAI.
However, only 1 in 5 (19.8%) of jobs on Indeed are considered “highly” exposed to GenAI, showing that while this technology can learn to do tasks within a specific job, GenAI is unlikely to fully replace many jobs.
Indeed’s AI at Work Report analyzed more than 55 million job postings on Indeed and 2,600 job skills to identify the exposure level (low/moderate/high) GenAI will have on jobs and the skills required to perform them. If GenAI was considered “good” or “excellent” at 80% or more of the skills mentioned in Indeed job postings, that job is considered highly exposed. If it was “good” or “excellent” at between 50% and less than 80% of the skills, the job faces moderate exposure. If GenAI was proficient at less than 50% of the skills, the job is considered low exposure.
Software development jobs face the highest potential exposure, with GenAI “good” or “excellent” at 95% of the skills mentioned in Indeed job postings. Driving jobs, like truck and taxi drivers, face the lowest potential exposure, with GenAI proficient at less than a third (29%) of the skills mentioned. Retail jobs fell in the middle with GenAI being effective at 57.6% of the skills.
Additional Key Findings from Indeed’s AI at Work Report:
- 19.8% of jobs on Indeed are highly exposed, meaning GenAI is considered good or excellent at 80% or more of all skills mentioned in Indeed job postings.
- 45.7% of jobs on Indeed are moderately exposed, meaning that GenAI can do between 50% and less than 80%
- 34.6% of jobs on Indeed are low/minimally exposed, which means GenAI can do less than 50% of the skills
- Software development jobs have the highest potential exposure to GenAI augmentation
- GenAI is “good” or “excellent” at 95% of the skills in software development postings, which includes technology and business operations skills.
- Driving jobs (like truck and taxi drivers) have the least potential impact by GenAI
- GenAI is “good” or “excellent” at only 29% of skills in driving jobs. It’s proficient at language and communication skills, but GenAI is “poor” at vehicle operation skills.
- While GenAI is relatively good at technical skills and jobs, it is significantly less proficient at skills and jobs that require intuition, reasoning, and/or in-person, manual work.
- Jobs with the least potential exposure to GenAI, including driving, cleaning & sanitation, and beauty & wellness jobs, are also those with the lowest ability to be done remotely. The higher the likelihood that a job can be done remotely, the greater its potential exposure is to GenAI-driven change.
“There’s no doubt GenAI is a powerful leap in technology that will impact all jobs, particularly those within the tech sector, and the labor market as a whole,” said Svenja Gudell, Indeed’s Chief Economist. “Our research shows that GenAI is less likely to replace an entire job, but rather serve as a tool to augment or streamline parts of a job. Going forward, we’ll likely see a variety of jobs reworked and reimagined by employers, including new jobs being created over time because of GenAI’s fast-growing influence.”
Indeed Hiring Lab also published the Indeed AI Job Tracker, which shows a monthly look at the share of AI jobs within all job postings on Indeed, by country and occupational sector.